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The worst affected areas were around Tully, Tully Heads, Silkwood, Mission Beach, Innisfail and Cardwell. , During 30 January, Yasi became the second of three systems to directly impact Vanuatu in two months. , At about 12:00 AM AEST (14:00 UTC) on 3 February, Yasi crossed the Australian coastline as a Category 5 severe tropical cyclone near Mission Beach, with estimated maximum 3-second gusts of 285 km/h spanning an area from Ingham to Cairns. , Two days after landfall, severe flooding from the rains severed the Bruce Highway between Townsville and Ingham leaving a 10 kilometre backup of traffic. Early estimates of damage put the cost at about AU$100 million. Synoptic Chart Examples. Initial estimates stated that damage to sugar cane alone could reach A$505 million. The maximum wind gusts at the standard 10 metre reference height in flat open country, were estimated to be 140 to 225 kilometres per hour with a 10 per cent error margin, across the area stretching from Townsville to Innisfail. , Fears of total devastation to the banana and sugar cane crops arose as the storm struck land. A 5 metre tidal surge was observed at the storm tide gauge at Cardwell. Bureau of Meteorology, Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi, website viewed 11 February 2011.Insurance Council of Australia, Historical disaster statistics, March 2012, website viewed 18 May 2012.News.com.au, Bananas, sugar growers worst hit by Tropical Cyclone Yasi, website viewed 30 February 2011.Queensland Government, Ministerial Media Statements, 7 February, website viewed 30 February 2011.Queensland Government, Ministerial Media Statements, 15 February, website viewed 30 February 2011. The Federal Government processed more than $250 million worth of recovery grants in the first three weeks after the storm through Centrelink. ... the cyclone was simulated to cross the coast so that the maximum winds, in all runs, occurred at Ninian Bay when the Rm was 60 km. , It deepened rapidly throughout 30 January, resulting in the JTWC upgrading the system to a tropical storm after data from an ASCAT image depicted winds near gale-force around the storm's centre. On 2 February, it was upgraded to a Category 5 system and made landfall near Mission Beach (138 kilometres south of Cairns) between midnight and 1:00am (AEST) early on Thursday 3 February. Originating as a tropical low near Fiji on 26 January, the system intensified to tropical cyclone status during the evening of 30 January. It did however destroy 30% of the houses in Tully. - - - - -. The storm which started in the Coral Sea, destroyed hundreds of homes in the northern Queensland towns of Tully, Mission Beach, Innisfail and Cardwell. , Even one week after the flooding rains, areas that were affected had become completely isolated. Evacuees were reportedly hammering boards at the bottom of doors to prevent water from further entering the structure. Tropical Cyclone "Yasi" has crossed the coast near Tully, about 1500km north of Brisbane. Cyclone Yasi is a big one, with predicted wind speeds of over 295km/h, a core region 500km in diameter, and a zone of associated storm activity spread over 2000km. Originating as a tropical low near Fiji on 26 January, the system intensified to tropical cyclone status during the evening of 30 January. A trough is causing showers & storms over other parts of the NT & QLD. Tropical Cyclone Yasi was a tropical cyclone that caused a lot of damage when it reached the Australian coast at about midnight on Wednesday 2 February 2011. A Synoptic Chart Explained 2. Significant numbers were accommodated in unofficial evacuation centres established by communities and church groups. Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi (/ ˈ j ɑː s iː /) was a powerful and destructive tropical cyclone that made landfall in northern Queensland, Australia in early 2011, causing major damage to the affected areas. This region was where Cyclone Mahina struck in 1899, Australia’s most deadly cyclone again with a … , On 6 February, the BOM reported that Ex-Tropical Cyclone Yasi was 85 km (53 mi) north of Yulara and that heavy rains continued in the Alice Springs area. Analyzing the Impact of Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi on Public Health Infrastructure and the Management of Noncommunicable Diseases - Volume 30 Issue 1 - Benjamin J. Ryan, Richard C. Franklin, Frederick M. Burkle, Kerrianne Watt, Peter Aitken, Erin C. Smith, Peter Leggat Take a look back at how it shattered lives and caused more than $800 million in damage. 0 0. tentofield. memory. , Between 23–30 January, strong winds and swells were observed in Tuvalu, as Tropical Cyclones Wilma and Yasi developed and passed. Durban Residential. Isobar and rainfall probability maps extending out to 7 days. Cyclone Yasi was the second major cyclone to hit north Queensland in four days, as it had already survived category two Cyclone Anthony, which crossed the coast on January 30. , Waves as high as 12 m (39.37 ft) were predicted to hit the north Queensland coast as the storm surge caused by Cyclone Yasi combined with a high tide of up to 7 m (23 ft) above average. To avoid confusion, this name is retained if the cyclone crosses into the Australian region, even if it makes landfall on our shores.  Damaging winds with gusts of more than 90 km/h hit Marla and Coober Pedy. The storm passed between the two big cities of Cairns and Townsville which only suffered minor damage.  Thirty thousand people were evacuated from Cairns, including all patients from Cairns Base Hospital and Cairns Private Hospital who were airlifted by the Royal Australian Air Force and other agencies (such as the Royal Flying Doctor Service) to Brisbane.  Many of those who evacuated the devastated areas including emergency workers were stranded. This report prepared by the World Bank, in collaboration with the Queensland Reconstruction Authority documents the achievements and progress made in Queensland and includes examples of global practice that the World Bank has collected in the field of reconstruction and risk reduction from across the world. Calculate approximately how far away the eye of Cyclone Yasi is from Innisfail.  Late on 1 February, the cyclone strengthened to a Category 4 system; then, early on 2 February, the cyclone intensified into a Category 5 Severe Tropical Cyclone. Understand how tropical cyclones move and rotate. A monsoon trough & low are generating heavy rain, storms & gusty winds in the northern tropics.  Vanuatuan officials reported difficulties making contact with the Torba Province, but it was believed that the northern area escaped major damage. Queensland Government, Ministerial Media Statements, 16 February, website viewed 30 February 2011. A hurricane (or typhoon, or severe tropical cyclone), the strongest storm on Earth, is a cyclonic (rotary) storm that derives its energy from cloud formation and rainfall, unlike frontal cyclones that derive their power from a temperature gradient.  The Queensland state emergency coordinator warned residents that they would be on their own for up to 24 hours, as the conditions would be too dangerous for emergency responders. News.com.au, Bananas, sugar growers worst hit by Tropical Cyclone Yasi, website viewed 30 February 2011.  Around 10:30 pm local time on 2 February, Premier Bligh stated that an estimated 90,000 structures, including evacuation centres, were without power.  Due to the size of the system and its strong core, Yasi maintained cyclonic intensity farther inland than normal, finally dissipating into a tropical low near Mount Isa, at 10 PM on 3 February 2011, 22 hours after the storm first crossed the coast. Northern Queensland was hit by Severe Cyclone Yasi in early 1911. , As Yasi moved into the Australian region meteorological data from the weather station on Willis Island was used to help monitor the system. Invasion and Succession. Cyclone Yasi At Midnight on Thursday 3rd February 2011, Cyclone Yasi hit land on Mission beach on the coast of Queensland. Yasi was also indirectly responsible for the death of a 23-year-old man, who died from suffocation by generator exhaust fumes.. He produced a synoptic chart of the event using a pressure reading of 29.10 in. Overall, approximately 1,000 people reported significant damage to their homes.  By 28 January, the depression was characterised as a poorly-developed low, with a broad area of rotating, flaring convection. , One death was due to carbon monoxide poisoning by exhaust of a portable generator being used in a confined space at Bambaroo near Ingham.  Flooding was widespread in towns of northern South Australia reaching even Renmark on the River Murray. In Milne Bay Province, local officials advised residents living along the coast to move to higher grounds.  During 28–30 January, Yasi's precursor tropical depression caused rain and strong winds over the Fijian islands off Rotuma, Vanua Levu, Taveuni and the northern Yasawa Islands. When it made landfall in North Queensland about 1:00am (AEDT) on February 3 it began to carve a path of destruction and devastation across far north Queensland that will take months and years to recover from. Queensland Government, Ministerial Media Statements, 15 February, website viewed 30 February 2011. In the Disaster Zone: Update on Cyclone Yasi relief effort | The Salvation Army, Feb 2011 (PDF 23.3KB). It was also noted that the system had altered the shape of the island and cleared most of its vegetation. It had reached the maximum category 5 just offshore and brought a large storm surge, becoming one of Australia’s most powerful cyclones. Over a region of high sea surface temperatures and low to moderate wind shear, it was expected to intensify gradually as it moved southwest. By Wednesday 2 nd the cyclone had intensified to a phenomenal central pressure of 922 hPa: a category five system located 300 nautical miles east of Cairns. Queensland recovery and reconstruction in the aftermath of the 2010/2011 flood events and Cyclone Yasi | The World Bank & Queensland Reconstruction Authority (PDF 1.1MB). Virtual Tours. , Numerous emergency calls were made by residents trapped in their homes near the height of the storm. One reported instance was of six people trapped in an apartment complex at Port Hinchinbrook near Cardwell, who could not be evacuated.  Shortly thereafter, the FMS also upgraded the storm, classifying it as Tropical Cyclone Yasi. Tropical Depression off Madagascar developing in to a Tropical Cyclone - January 2013. Near sunrise on 3 February, there were no reports of fatalities or injuries in Mission Beach. Severe tropical cyclones correspond to the hurricanes or typhoons of other parts of the world. Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi was a powerful and destructive tropical cyclone that made landfall in northern Queensland, Australia in early 2011, causing major damage to the affected areas. The eye of any cyclone is on average around 40km in diameter. Tropical Cyclone Yasi was the biggest storm in Queensland's history, with more than 10,000 people moved from their homes. The Insurance Council of Australia estimated the preliminary 2011 damage at $1412 million.  In Tully, the high school was destroyed and will need to be rebuilt. Flights out of the region were fully booked. For instance, on average four cyclones per season form in the Coral Sea with the BOM saying there was a 65% chance of fewer during season 2019-20. TC Yasi was 500 kilometres wide with an eye 30 kilometres across. Information about emergencies, disasters and disaster resilience comes from many sources. Clear in the southwest with hot winds. All submissions will be reviewed and verified before they are added to the collections. We know the pressure for a “severe storm”. Rainfall totals for the 24-hour period to 9:00am Thursday 3 February were 200-300 millimetres in the area between Cairns and Ayr, causing some flooding. It did not cause as much damage as government expected, as it missed major cities.  Considerable development took place on the following day, prompting the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) to issue a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert. Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi began developing as a tropical low northwest of Fiji on 29th January and started tracking on a general westward track. Cyclone Larry, which devastated areas between Babinda and Tully in March 2006, and Cyclone Yasi ... A trough of low pressure is sometimes indicated on the synoptic chart by a centre line or trough line denoted by a dashed line e.g. Lv 7. The massive category-five cyclone crossed the far north Queensland coast early on February 3, 2011. The building was threatened by Yasi's storm surge which exceeded 3 m (9.8 ft). Current Storm/Cyclone. Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi (/ˈjɑːsiː/) was a powerful and destructive tropical cyclone that made landfall in northern Queensland, Australia in early 2011, causing major damage to the affected areas. As a result of the system's impacts, the name Yasi was subsequently retired from the list of South Pacific tropical cyclone names and replaced with Yvone. We know the pressure for a “severe storm”. - - - - -. The eye is usually clam and cloud free with the warmest temperatures measured throughout the cyclone (National Weather Service, 2009). Preparations. A tropical cyclone is a tropical depression of sufficient intensity to produce sustained gale force winds (at least 63 km/h). Financial help was also available in the form of concessional loans for cyclone hit farmers up to $650,000. Answer the questions related to the text, blog and synoptic chart 1. , Because of its great size, many feared that the tropical cyclone could cause damage more severe than Cyclone Larry in 2006 or Cyclone Tracy, which severely damaged Darwin in 1974. Yasi caused devastation along the coast of Queensland, from Cairns to Ayr, leaving behind damage to the flora and fauna as well as the built environment: homes, businesses and vehicles. Tropical Cyclone Yasi: Structural damage to buildings | James Cook University Cyclone Testing Station (PDF 4.0MB). , The Australian Defence Force (ADF) response was designated Operation Yasi Assist. Queensland Government, Ministerial Media Statements, 7 February, website viewed 30 February 2011. Other sea inundation occurred between the beaches north of Cairns and Alva Beach, and there was some inundation in parts of the city of Townsville. Summer Lows. Synoptic Chart; Radar Imagery; Weather Outlook for Christmas | Tropical Weather Outlook. Insurance Council of Australia, Historical disaster statistics, March 2012, website viewed 18 May 2012. Durban Virtual Tour. Tropical Disturbance 09F was first identified on 26 January 2011 by the Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS), while it was 330 km (205 mi) south-southwest of Tuvalu. At least 75% of the banana crop was destroyed, and damage to the sugar cane farms was expected to cost about AU$500 million. , By the time Yasi crossed into Australian basin, preparations for the storm were under way. Cyclone Yasi developed as a tropical low north-west of Fiji on 29 January 2011. On 30 January, it was named Yasi by the Fiji Meteorological Service. The system quickly intensified to a cyclone category to the north of Vanuatu and was named Yasi at 10:00pm on 30 January by Fiji Meteorological Service. A Synoptic Chart Explained 2.  Continuing to rapidly intensify, Yasi attained severe tropical cyclone intensity with ten-minute sustained winds of at least 120 km/h (75 mph) on 31 January, as the primary convective band wrapped around the storm's centre. Cyclone definition and frequency. It will have no effect on Brisbane at all, it is nowhere near it. TC Yasi eventually made landfall as a category five system between Innisfail and Cardwell on the north Queensland coast on Wednesday night, but the resulting swell was a bit of a fizzer. As Cyclone Yasi travelled from North Vanuatu to the Queensland coast, the only landmass in Cyclone Yasi's path was New Caledonia, which hardly weakened or did not affect Cyclone Yasi's intensity. Cyclone Yasi was the largest and most powerful cyclone to hit Queensland in living Johannesburg Virtual Tour. Many windows are believed to have been broken as residents reported the sound of glass breaking throughout the night as the storm moved through. If a tropical cyclone forms outside our region, it is named by a neighbouring governing body, such as Indonesia or Fiji. 0 0. azzole. On 30 January, it was named Yasi by the Fiji Meteorological Service. This was an unprecedented evacuation effort.  Yasi subsequently passed directly over the weather station during 2 February, where wind gusts of 185 km/h (115 mph) and a minimum pressure of 937.9 hPa (27.70 inHg) were recorded, before the meteorological equipment and communications failed. Bureau of Meteorology, Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi, website viewed 11 February 2011. Media outlets referred to the storm as "what could be the state's worst cyclone in history". A South Pacific tropical cyclone is a non-frontal, low pressure system that has developed, within an environment of warm sea surface temperatures and little vertical wind shear aloft in the South Pacific Ocean. Suncorp commissioned the Cyclone Testing Station (CTS) at James Cook University to conduct a comprehensive study to enhance Suncorp’s understanding of the vulnerability of houses in North Queensland to natural hazards, particularly tropical cyclones and thunderstorms. 10 years ago. Distinguish between cyclones (in the southern hemisphere) and hurricanes and typhoons (in the northern hemisphere).  By 5 February, A$2 billion (US$2.03 billion) was confirmed to have been lost in agriculture, mining and local government. Cyclone Larry, which devastated areas between Babinda and Tully in March 2006, and Cyclone Yasi ... A trough of low pressure is sometimes indicated on the synoptic chart by a centre line or trough line denoted by a dashed line e.g. Virtual Tours. Another trough is bringing a few showers to eastern VIC and TAS. Additionally, concerns over the building's windows came about as they flexed amidst winds over 200 km/h (120 mph). SEVERE WEATHER WARNING for Flash flooding for people in the Alice Springs District", Australian Bureau of Meteorology (TCWC's Perth, Darwin & Brisbane), Tropical Cyclone Yasi (Feb 2011) – snapshots of relevant webpages from 2011, Category 3 South Pacific severe tropical cyclones, Category 5 Australian region severe tropical cyclones, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyclone_Yasi&oldid=994315806, Tropical cyclone articles with unknown units, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 02:20. A hurricane (or typhoon, or severe tropical cyclone), the strongest storm on Earth, is a cyclonic (rotary) storm that derives its energy from cloud formation and rainfall, unlike frontal cyclones that derive their power from a temperature gradient. Km’s 2. A virtual tour around Johannesburg (North-South Axis) A 1999 cyclone that struck Odisha killed about 10,000 people in northeast India. Most of the automated surface observing systems and communications were subsequently restored and became operational, fifteen days after Yasi had passed over the island. , Satellite image of Cyclone Yasi near peak intensity on 2 February 2011, Fiji, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, Timeline of the 2010–11 Australian region cyclone season, "Cyclone Yasi to cost insurers A$3.5 billion – forecaster", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans", "Tropical Disturbance Advisory Number A4", "Tropical Disturbance Advisory Number A7", Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the South-East Indian Ocean and the Southern Pacific Ocean 2020, Severe Weather Forecasting and Disaster Risk Reduction Full Demonstration Project (SWFDDP) Region Sub Project RA V Progress Report Number 1: For the period 1 October 2010 – 28 February 2011, "Solomon Islands and Vanuatu appear to have avoided the worst of Cyclone Yasi", "2010–11 Bureau of Meteorology Annual Report", "Monster cyclone knocks out weather radar", "Back to business for Willis Island weather station", "Still reeling from flooding, Queensland braces for worst ever storm", "30,000 evacuated from Cairns as city braces for a pounding from Cyclone Yasi", "Queenslanders told to stay put as Yasi closes in", "Waves 12m high to lash coast (dead link)", "Windows flex, water rushes into safe haven", "Sheets of roof torn from shopping centre", "Cyclone Yasi destroys Tully High School", "Six confirmed safe at Port Hinchinbrook", "Surviving a night in the depths of hell", "Sugar price soars on US markets as Cyclone Yasi hits Queensland", "Cyclone Yasi to cost insurers A$3.5 bln — forecaster", "Damages from Yasi to dwarf Larry's costs", "Australia Assesses Damage After Cyclone", "Surging floodwaters leave desperate families stranded on the road home", "Bad luck and Yasi's tail behind the drenching", "Issued at 11:00 pm CST Sunday 6 February 2011. Reading synoptic charts 1. TC Yasi eventually made landfall as a category five system between Innisfail and Cardwell on the north Queensland coast on Wednesday night, but the resulting swell was a bit of a fizzer. On 2 February, it was upgraded to a Category 5 system and made landfall near Mission Beach (138 kilometres south of Cairns) between midnight and 1:00am (AEST) early on Thursday 3 February. Coastal Lows. Cyclone Yasi developed as a tropical low north-west of Fiji on 29 January 2011. However, the radar and life-supporting systems took a bit longer to restore and were subsequently completed by the end of November, before staff returned to the island during December 2011. The eye of the cyclone passed over Dunk Island and Mission Beach between Innisfail and Townsville bringing significant winds, the highest estimated at 285 kilometres per hour. A "severe tropical cyclone" produces sustained hurricane force winds (at least 118 km/h). Cyclone Yasi's eye however, measured to approximately 100km in diameter (Australian Geographic, 2013). Synoptic Chart Examples. , According to residents in Tully, the town was "...a scene of mass devastation". Predicting the weather Examine the first weather map on the next slide and identify Where the high and low pressure systems are How close the isobars are together (an indication of wind speed) The direction of wind The presence or absence of rain The deadliest storm on record globally was the 1970 Bhola Cyclone, which … Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi began developing as a tropical low northwest of Fiji on 29 January and started tracking on a general westward track. Show, using a video, the movement and rotation of Tropical Cyclone Yasi. Queensland Government, Ministerial Media Statements, 16 February, website viewed 30 February 2011. Coastal Lows. , In Mission Beach near where Cyclone Yasi made landfall, wind gusts were estimated to have reached 290 km/h (180 mph), leaving behind much damage.  More than 100 mm (3.9 in) also fell at Arkaroola and Mt Dare, 92 mm (3.6 in) fell at Marree, and 86 mm (3.4 in) at Yunta. Not even rain showing on the synoptic chart for the next 4 days. Preparations.  In the hours after the storm's passage, police could not venture beyond their station grounds as the situation had yet to be declared safe. Durban Residential. The coastal communities in the direct path of TC Yasi – Tully, Mission Beach, Cardwell and Dunk Island suffered extensive damage to property and infrastructure costing $800 million. , Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi directly impacted the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and parts of Australia, while parts of Fiji and Papua New Guniea were indirectly impacted. Features of a Synoptic Chart 3. Insurance claims data analysis for Cyclones Yasi and Larry | James Cook University Cyclone Testing Station (PDF 2.4MB). If you have information you would like to contribute (documents, data and images), please click the button on the right to go to the submissions page. Yasi deepened rapidly over the next 24 hours, and was classified as a Category 3 cyclone at about 5 PM AEST (07:00 UTC) on 31 January 2011. Cyclones are characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate about a zone of low pressure.  A storm surge estimated to have reached 7 m (23 ft) destroyed several structures along the coast and pushed up to 300 m (980 ft) inland. Tropical Depression Tropical Depression. The ADF established Joint Task Force 664, based at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville and under the command of Brigadier Stuart Smith, for operational command on 2 February 2011. The foreshore of Tully Heads was devastated by a storm surge whipped up by Cyclone Yasi in 2011. , The water-supply system had failed in Townsville and there was only 24 hours supply, while the water had run out at Magnetic Island in one day.  Later that day, the storm crossed 160°E, prompting the final advisory from the FMS and the first advisory from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, as the system crossed into the Australian cyclone basin. An unknown number of homes were completely destroyed as intense winds, estimated at 209 km/h (130 mph), battered the area. , The storm was several hundred kilometres southeast of Papua New Guinea, but the outer edges of the large system brought strong winds, high seas and heavy rain to the country. The Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Sciences estimated the cyclone caused a $300 million loss to agricultural production in Queensland, particularly the banana and sugarcane sector. TC Pam was the most destructive cyclone in Vanuatu's history. It weakened to a tropical low near Mount Isa around 10:00pm on 3 February. The deluge also continued in northern South Australia as vast areas continued to get rain.  This figure rose to 170,000 by morning and officials stated that some residents may be without power for more than a month. The hospital's 300 patients were evacuated to Brisbane and other regional hospitals by the the Australian Defence Force, Royal Flying Doctor Service and other means of transportation.  The system had a well-defined eye and continued to track west-southwestward, maintaining a central pressure of 930 hPa (27 inHg) and a Dvorak intensity of T6.5 into the evening. Due to the cyclone, most of the banana plantations in the Queensland tropical area were destroyed, and Queensland is the 3rd biggest banana contributor so it will effect 90% of Australia. Sure it probably won't turn out like the map has it at the moment, but there is a lot of action around at the moment. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Centre of Excellence for Prescribed Burning, AJEM Jan 2017 - Resilient Australia Awards 2016, AJEM Oct 2016 - Building community cyclone resilience through academic and insurance industry partnership, AJEM Jul 2016 - Towards effective mitigation strategies for severe wind events, AJEM Jul 2015 - Resilience in the face of disaster: evaluation of a community development and engagement initiative in Queensland, AJEM Jul 2014 - Investigating the hazard preparatory information-seeking habits of far north Queensland coastal communities, AJEM Jan 2013 - Environmental health disaster management: a new approach, AJEM Jul 2012 - Queensland's State Disaster Management Group: An all agency response to an unprecedented natural disaster, AJEM Jan 2012 - The role of social media as psychological first aid as a support to community resilience building: a Facebook study from 'Cyclone Yasi Update', 2018 - Cyclone - QLD - Tropical cyclone Nora, Tropical Cyclone Debbie, Queensland, 2017, Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi | Bureau of Meteorology.  Little development took place over the following two days, though it was classified as a tropical depression on 27 January. By Wednesday 2 nd the cyclone had intensified to a phenomenal central pressure of 922 hPa: a category five system located 300 nautical miles east of Cairns. Tropical Depression off Madagascar developing in to a Tropical Cyclone - January 2013. Tropical Cyclone Yasi (TC Yasi) made landfall in the early hours of Thursday 3 February 2011 with the eye passing over the Mission Beach region. Ahead of the system impacting the island, staff battened down the buildings and were evacuated off the island by a helicopter during 1 February. In meteorology, a cyclone (/ˈsaɪ.kloʊn/) is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure. To date, the best science can offer is a pre-season outlook per ocean basin, heavily weighted by probability and statistics. 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